The grand city of Lima, the capital of Peru, began with its foundation by Francisco Pizarro on January 18th, 1535. Founded and intiated on the valley of the Rimac River, it soon became the capital of the Viceroyalty of Peru and site of Real Audiencia in 1543. During the 17th century, the city flourished through trade, growth and prosperity. Though the triumphant city saw some difficult times due to pirate threats and devastating earthquakes, it remained intact until the end of the 18th century when an economic downturn and the Bourbon Reforms challenged its stature.
The Peruvian War of Independence between the years 1821 and 1824 played a key role in the development of the city. The city suffered greatly due to the war, though soon after independence, Lima became the capital of the Republic of Peru. Shortly following, the city thrived though only for a short while. Due to the War of the Pacific between the years 1879 and 1883, Lima was tested as it stood against Chilean troops who were occupying its grounds. After the war, the city went through of large demographic expansion and urban renewal. Population growth continued growing steadily around the 1940ís due to the rise of immigrants flocking the region. This gave rise to the proliferation of shanty towns as public services failed to keep up with the city expansion.
Today, it is home to the local government, foreigners and locals seeking to thrive in industrial businesses, and tourists seeking to find a glimpse of the unique and dazzling culture of Peru.